Joseph Haydn

composer

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Joseph Haydn
Joseph Haydn

Joseph Haydn was one of the most influential composers of the Classical period. He was born in 1732 in Rohrau, Austria, and showed musical talent from an early age. He became a choirboy at St. Stephen’s Cathedral in Vienna, where he received his musical education. He later worked as a freelance musician, teacher, and composer, until he entered the service of the wealthy Esterházy family in 1761. He remained their court composer for nearly three decades, producing a large number of symphonies, string quartets, operas, and other works for them. He also traveled to England twice, where he composed his famous London symphonies and met other composers such as Mozart and Beethoven. Haydn is widely regarded as the father of the symphony and the string quartet, and he also contributed to the development of other musical forms such as the sonata, the concerto, and the oratorio. He died in 1809 in Vienna, leaving behind a legacy of over 1000 compositions that are admired for their elegance, humor, innovation, and expression.